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中国国际发展研究网络(CIDRN):中国与国际发展讲坛第10期

发布日期:2014-05-08浏览次数: 信息来源:人发学院 字号:[ ]

  

  2014年4月30日下午,由国际发展研究网络(CIDRN)主办的第十期公共讲座在北京昆仑饭店举行。本次讲座特邀美国国际发展署(USAID)署长助理埃里克斯·狄耶(Alex Thier)博士作题为“全球发展进程中的有效性合作”的主题演讲。讲座由CIDRN联合主席、中国社会科学院欧洲研究所周弘研究员主持,CIDRN主席、中国农业大学人文与发展学院院长李小云教授作点评。讲座吸引了来自商务部、发改委、卫计委、联合国粮农组织(FAO)、美国驻华大使馆、加拿大驻华大使馆、德国国际合作机构、日本国际协力机构、大自然保护协会、全球环境研究所、中国国际扶贫中心、中国社科院、清华大学、北京外国语大学、对外经贸大学、中国农业大学等二十余家机构的百余位代表参与。
  狄耶博士在主题演讲中首先介绍了USAID五十多年的发展历程以及所取得的成果。特别提到了美国自20世纪60年代以来为全球发展做出的卓越贡献,同时指出,近年来随着新兴援助国家的兴起,美国援助资金比例逐年下降。对此,他提出私人投资可作为今后发展援助的一个重要资金来源,即“私人投资是可持续发展的最大的未开发资源”,USAID正在努力通过各种伙伴关系,发挥资金来源的杠杆作用,以使其自身的投资发挥最大的影响。
  狄耶博士阐述善治(Good Governance)对实现包容性经济增长的作用;介绍了USAID的三个重点领域,即粮食安全、全球健康和能源。最后,狄耶博士谈到了USAID与中国的合作。他指出中国是沟通发达国家和发展中国家的重要参与方;与中国的合作一方面要学习中国的发展经验,另一方面希望能促成中国参与到关于国际发展合作的全球对话中,美方愿与中国开展对话与合作。
  演讲结束后,李小云教授给予了高度的评价,并提出了一个关键性的问题,即中国的发展在人类发展史上是绝无仅有的,基于此,美国该如何与中国合作,又应具体在哪些方面展开深入交流。狄耶博士从美国的援助经验和公民社会方面给予了回应。在提问环节,参会人员就善治、受援国政府的作用、新兴援助国家的作用、公民社会等议题与狄耶博士进行了广泛的交流与探讨。

CIDRN Public Event Series (10)

Topic: Effective Cooperation in Global Development

The China International Development Research Network (CIDRN) public event series No.10 took place in Hotel Kunlun, Beijing, on the afternoon of April 30, 2014. Dr. Alex Thier, USAID’s Assistant to the Administrator for Policy, Planning, and Learning (PPL), delivered a keynote speech on Effective Cooperation in Global Development for the event. Moderated by Dr. Zhou Hong, Co-Chair of CIDRN and Researcher at Institute of European Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and commentated by Prof. Li Xiaoyun, Chair of CIDRN and Dean of College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University(CAU) , the event attracted over 100 participants from the Chinese government, international organizations, academic community and NGOs, to name a few: China’s Ministry of Commerce(MOFCOM), National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC), the International Poverty Reduction Center in China (IPRCC), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), US Embassy, Canada Embassy, German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), Global Environmental Institute (GEI), Peking University, Tsinghua University, Beijing Foreign Studies University, University of International Business and Economics, CASS, CAU, etc.

 

Dr. Alex Thier started by introducing USAID’s 53-year history and its major achievements, in particular its outstanding contribution to the global development since 1960s’. He pointed out the declining aid share of the US government in the context of diversified emerging donors and thus private investment could be considered as an important financing source for development aid in the future. He said “the private investment is the largest untapped resource for sustainable development” and USAID was working on forging global partnerships to leverage its financing sources and maximize the impacts.

 

Dr. Thier gave a stress on the role of good governance in realizing inclusive economic development and clarified the three focus areas for USAID today, i.e. food security, global health and energy. He also touched upon USAID’s cooperation with China by saying that the United States government would like to have dialogues and collaborations with China by learning China’s development experience on one hand and engaging China into global discussions on development on the other, since China has become such a critical actor that links the developed world and the developing world.

 

Finally, Prof. Li Xiaoyun spoke highly of Dr. Thier’s presentation and raised a key question: how should US work with China and on which areas should exchanges take place, given China’s unprecedented development record in the human history. A tactful response was given by Dr. Thier building on US experience on aid and civil society. In the following Q&A session, participants had extensive and in-depth discussions with Dr. Thier on issues ranging from governance, role of partner countries, emerging donors and civil society.  

 

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